Tag: 南京桑拿

Ex-cop’s husband arrested

first_imgThe husband of former IPS officer Bharati Ghosh was arrested by the State’s Crime Investigation Department after his anticipatory bail plea was rejected by the Calcutta High Court on Tuesday. “Anticipatory bail plea of M.V. Raju, husband of Ms. Ghosh, has been rejected by the Calcutta High Court. He has been taken in custody,” a CID officer said.last_img

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a month agoTottenham striker Kane tells teammates: Grow up!

first_imgAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Tottenham striker Kane tells teammates: Grow up!by Paul Vegasa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveTottenham striker Harry Kane has told his teammates: Grow up!Spurs threw away a two-goal lead for the second time in three games and opened their Champions League campaign with a draw at Olympiacos on Wednesday to leave manager Mauricio Pochettino fuming.”We’re not young anymore,” agreed Kane. “We’re not inexperienced. We’ve played in big games for club and country. That’s the hard part to get your head around.”I can see why the manager is frustrated because he’s been here for six years now and we’re still making similar mistakes to the ones we were in his first year. We’ve got to find a way to get around it, improve and get better.” last_img read more

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a month agoSouthampton boss Hasenhuttl: Beating Portsmouth just unforgettable

first_imgSouthampton boss Hasenhuttl: Beating Portsmouth just unforgettableby Paul Vegasa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveRalph Hasenhuttl has lauded his Southampton players after an “unforgettable” win over local rivals Portsmouth.Saints won 4-0 at Fratton Park, their first win at the venue since 1984, to book their place in the Carabao Cup fourth-round.Speaking after the game, an elated Hasenhuttl said: “We will not forget this evening, and the fans too.”It was a fantastic atmosphere until the end and to score four goals here is fantastic.”It is more than only reaching the next round. It is about reaching the hearts of the fans.”I am very happy for them (the Saints fans).”I knew it was massive game for them and I think we really didn’t start well in this game but the players knew they had to fight for every inch and after the 1-0 it was a much better game for our side.”After the 2-0 I was not sure if this game is done for us so you never know if they make the 1-2 then suddenly everything is alive again and it gets difficult for you. At 3-0 you know it is done.”It was a hard job to do but the guys did it well.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

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Charles Barkley Doesnt Love Analytics But Analytics Sure Love Him

During TNT’s studio show following the Houston Rockets’ victory over the Phoenix Suns on Tuesday night, Charles Barkley ripped Rockets GM Daryl Morey — and the NBA’s burgeoning advanced stats movement by extension — saying: “I’ve always believed analytics was crap. … I never mention the Rockets as legitimate contenders ’cause they’re not. And, listen, I wouldn’t know Daryl Morey if he walked into this room right now.”“The NBA is about talent,” Barkley added. “All these guys who run these organizations who talk about analytics, they have one thing in common — they’re a bunch of guys who have never played the game, and they never got the girls in high school, and they just want to get in the game.”The debate over using advanced metrics in sports is nothing new, and Barkley’s comments aren’t out of place with what baseball traditionalists were saying after “Moneyball” was published more than a decade ago. But what I found humorous in Barkley’s remarks is that there are no greater champions of Barkley’s legacy as a player than proponents of advanced metrics.As Will Leitch pointed out, Barkley’s sentiments echo those of baseball’s Joe Morgan, the player-turned-broadcaster who famously hated sabermetrics despite posting numbers that statheads could only drool over.Yes, Barkley is well-regarded by the establishment — he is a Hall of Famer, after all. But his career has been dogged by the criticism that weighs more on stars in the NBA than any other sport: He never won a championship. Fellow power forward Tim Duncan, on the other hand, has won five — and counting. Barkley also lacked the sheer stat totals of Karl Malone, another contemporary at the position, who came within 1,459 points of setting the NBA’s all-time scoring record. These time-honored considerations are what keep Barkley a distant third behind Duncan and Malone on most mainstream “Greatest Power Forward Ever” lists.Statheads, on the other hand, often decry the outsize role that championships have taken in assessing NBA players’ legacies and have little use for raw numerical accumulation. Instead, they marvel at numbers such as Barkley’s outrageous per-possession offensive efficiency rating, which is the highest ever among players who used as many possessions as he did.Malone may have outscored Barkley by 13,171 points (and Barkley even trails Malone in points per game), but according to more advanced metrics, there’s little doubt that Barkley was the better player. Over a common range of ages (22-36), Barkley was worth about 2.1 more points per 100 possessions to his team’s efficiency differential than Malone (in the estimation of Box Plus/Minus) and produced about 10 more wins of Value Over Replacement Player (VORP). For BPM nonbelievers, Barkley also leads in Player Efficiency Rating (PER) and Win Shares per 48 minutes.And as much respect as we have for Duncan, it’s not clear that he performed better in his prime than Barkley did, either. Over the same range of ages, Barkley leads Duncan in BPM — by a whopping 1.8 points per 100 possessions — VORP and WS/48. (Granted, Duncan’s PER does edge out Barkley, 24.7 to 24.6.)Now, Malone and Duncan each logged more minutes than Barkley — in Malone’s case, about 323 full, 48-minute games’ worth — and there’s value to be added in simply showing up and playing at a high level day in and day out. But when you look at the career leaderboard for VORP, which blends per-possession effectiveness with durability, Barkley outpaces Duncan and is within 9.0 units of Malone’s total despite the latter’s huge playing-time advantage.In other words, the advanced stats tend to hold Barkley in much higher esteem than the conventional wisdom does. Barkley may not care for analytics, but his legacy as a player would benefit from greater acceptance of the analytical point of view. read more

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Ohio State womens hockey swept by No 2 Minnesota

The OSU women’s hockey team faces off against conference opponent and No. 2-ranked Minnesota on Nov. 15 at the OSU Ice Rink. OSU lost, 5-3. Credit: Ed Momot / For The LanternThe Ohio State women’s hockey team improved after a 4-2 loss to Minnesota, but still found itself on the losing end of a weekend sweep.The Buckeyes fell by a score of 5-3 to the Golden Gophers in Saturday afternoon’s game, completing Minnesota’s road sweep. Although the game didn’t go the way OSU hoped, senior forward Taylor Kuehl said she was happy with the team’s fight in Saturday’s matchup.“I think we came out with a lot more energy today, I think we knew we had to,” Kuehl said. “We didn’t want to play to them, we wanted to play our own game, which I think we did a lot better job of today and I don’t think the score shows exactly how the game went.”Kuehl was a major asset to the Buckeyes this weekend, scoring a total of three goals in the series.OSU (7-6-0, 5-5-0) tied the game twice and didn’t back down from the No. 2 Golden Gophers.In the first period of play, Minnesota took the lead with a power-play goal almost nine minutes into the period. Gopher senior forward Meghan Lorence scored the first goal to put Minnesota on the board. She later scored two more goals to complete her first career hat trick.OSU struck back early in the second with a goal from senior defenseman Sara Schmitt, her third goal of the season. Minnesota pushed ahead less than two minutes later. Another goal from Lorence allowed the Gophers to take a 2-1 lead.The Buckeyes again tied the game when Kuehl scored a power-play goal at 12:33. But with only 14.9 seconds left in the period, Minnesota scored once again to send the Buckeyes to the locker room down 3-2.Kuehl said that goal was the turning point of the game.“We had just tied it up. We had momentum. I think that could’ve completely changed the game going into the third period with a tied game, anything could happen,” she said. “It’s anyone’s game at that point. Last two minutes coach is always saying ‘don’t give anything up’ and we fell short and it completely changed the outcome of the game.”Minnesota came back out for the third and pulled ahead to a 5-2 lead. Sophomore forward Claudia Kepler closed the gap with a goal with a little over five minutes remaining, but that capped the scoring in OSU’s loss.Senior forward Kayla Sullivan said a few mistakes were what kept the Buckeyes from walking away with a win.“We needed to get in front of them and do better blocking shots and forcing them to turn the puck over,” Sullivan said.Buckeye freshman goaltender Kassidy Sauve, was credited with 30 saves, while Gopher junior goalie Amanda Leveille had 18 saves.Minnesota coach Brad Frost also said his team’s goal late in the second was the game’s key moment.“Going into the third period being up one because of that late goal in the second was great,” he said. “And then to continue to extend the lead created a lot of momentum for us into the third and we were able to come away with the win.”Even though Buckeye coach Nate Handrahan wasn’t thrilled with the outcome, he said he was happier with OSU’s Saturday performance than the night before.“We played a different game today than (Friday), we really attacked the net today,” he said.On Friday, the Golden Gophers tried to get on the board with an early scoring opportunity that was later called off by the referees. But that didn’t deter them as they finally took the lead with just 27 second left in the first period.In a physical and high-scoring second period, the Gophers pushed ahead to a 3-0 lead. The Buckeyes quickly answered, scoring back-to-back goals. Kuehl scored both goals for OSU only 14 seconds apart from one another.A goal from Minnesota at the 11:44 mark of the second period sealed the win for the Gophers, 4-2.“We’ve sometimes played timid against them, but we can keep up. The game was closer than it looked,” Kuehl said. “We played the No. 2 team and it wasn’t anything we couldn’t handle. I think we can use this going into next weekend and help fuel the fire.”OSU is scheduled to travel to Grand Forks, N.D., for a weekend series against North Dakota. The two teams are set to meet at the center ice at 8:07 p.m. Friday and 5:07 p.m. Saturday. read more

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Ezekiel Elliott staying engaged in spring practice despite wrist surgery

Rising-junior running back Ezekiel Elliott (15) has been held out of spring practice while he recovers from offseason wrist surgery.Credit: Mark Batke / Photo editorOhio State running back Ezekiel Elliott finished his sophomore campaign with arguably the greatest three-game run in school history.The St. Louis native rattled off 696 yards rushing in the Buckeyes’ three postseason games en route to a national title.Now, Elliott is facing a new challenge that isn’t a Badger, a Duck or the Crimson Tide.Elliott has sat out the majority of spring practice after undergoing offseason surgery on his left wrist and, as of Thursday, he said he was out for six more weeks.Running backs coach Tony Alford said even though Elliott is not participating in contact drills, being engaged in practice is still important.“He is still doing a lot of work. The mental reps are big. Just because you had some success in the past, there’s still opportunities to grow and learn and see things,” Alford said Thursday. “The more mental reps can be very vital just as game repetition.”As for how he feels, Elliott said the pain in the wrist is still noticeable, but is progressing.“I get my cast off Monday and now it’s just a process of getting that mobility back, and after six weeks, I’ll be full go,” Elliott said. “I can feel it getting better, but right now it’s a little small, weak and I got a little bit of pain here and there.”While it’s been almost three months since he walked off the field at AT&T Stadium in Arlington, Texas, after the College Football Playoff National Championship, Elliott is still in the running for an athletic award. The Buckeyes’ leading rusher is a finalist for the 85th Amateur Athletic Union Sullivan Award, which “honors the outstanding amateur athlete in the United States,” according to its website.The rising-junior back said he is “blessed and thankful” for being named a finalist and added that he is set to fly to the New York Athletic Club on April 19 for the announcement of the winner.“At first, I didn’t really know what the Sullivan Award was,” Elliott said. “But after researching it, it’s a very honorable award. There’s a lot of big names on it.”Past winners include the likes of Bill Walton, Michael Phelps and Tim Tebow, who was the last American football player to win the award in 2007.Elliott’s competition for the award include Duke basketball player Jahlil Okafor and Olympic gold medalist swimmer Katie Ledecky among others.As far as being a Buckeye, Alford said he has known Elliott since recruiting him while a coach at Notre Dame and added he is encouraged by Elliott’s intensity at practice.“The one thing you love about Zeke is he is hungry. He wants to play. It’s killing him not to play now. He is a high-energy guy,” Alford said. “For me, it’s cool because I got the opportunity to recruit him out of high school so I have known him and his family for a long time.”With Elliott not in the huddle throughout spring practice, Elliott said he has made it a point of emphasis to not let the younger players earning reps get too comfortable.“We got a lot of great team leaders and one thing you won’t see at Ohio State is complacency,” Elliott said. “What spring basically has been is a grind. A time for the younger guys and inexperienced guys to get their reps so they can go out there and play on Saturdays next year.”The Buckeyes are set to play the annual Spring Game at Ohio Stadium on April 18 before opening the 2015 season on the road against Virginia Tech in Blacksburg, Va., on Sept. 7. read more

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… and electric lines This report will continue

first_img ….. and electric lines. This report will continue 6/6.[Photo: Yuki Yanagimoto & text: sa] A new set of plumbing pipes is installed. This is a great project for Workshop participants, as they are part of every step of the process.[Photo: Yuki Yanagimoto & text: sa] With Marks instruction, Segolene Gautier and Kim Chikyung learn the installation of studs, drywall panels…..[Photo: Yuki Yanagimoto & text: sa]center_img May 23, 2005 Maintenance crew is always busy with either upkeep or improvement of facilities. The bathrooms in the Colly Soleri Music Center need to be remodeled. The rooms are completely stripped of wall panels, pipes and tiles. Studs for a new set of walls are put into place. Mark Baris heads this project.[Photo: Yuki Yanagimoto & text: sa]last_img read more

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Trump Signs Executive Order on Cybersecurity

first_imgCybersecurity Free Webinar | July 31: Secrets to Running a Successful Family Business Learn how to successfully navigate family business dynamics and build businesses that excel. This story originally appeared on PCMag –shares President Donald Trump signed an executive order on Thursday that calls for a wide-ranging review of the federal government’s cybersecurity protocols and directs executive branch agencies to upgrade their IT infrastructure.The order does not differ significantly from the cybersecurity policies of former President Barack Obama’s administration, according to Politico, but it does acknowledge that the government’s IT infrastructure leaves much to be desired. It specifically mentions the threats posed by botnets and requires the Departments of State, Treasury, Homeland Security and others to submit a cybersecurity status report within 90 days.”The executive branch has for too long accepted antiquated and difficult–to-defend IT,” Trump’s order reads. “Known vulnerabilities include using operating systems or hardware beyond the vendor’s support lifecycle, declining to implement a vendor’s security patch, or failing to execute security-specific configuration guidance.”Because of this antiquated and vulnerable infrastructure, an estimated 80 percent of the $80 billion federal IT budget goes toward maintaining existing systems, according to Politico. It’s unclear how much modernization would cost, but the order does direct executive branch agencies to seek shared IT services like cloud-based email, which would likely increase security and lower server maintenance costs.Obama’s last federal budget, announced in February 2016, sought $3.1 billion for technology modernization at various federal agencies.In addition to boosting the government’s own IT security, the Trump administration also wants to help private companies combat against cyberthreats. Much like Obama, who appointed a “cybersecurity czar” shortly after taking office, Trump announced in January that former New York City mayor Rudy Giuliani would liaise between the government and the private sector on cybersecurity matters. Image credit: Shutterstock News reporter Register Now » Next Article Trump Signs Executive Order on Cybersecurity Tom Brant Add to Queuelast_img read more

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Elon Musk Has Resorted to Sleeping at Teslas Factory to Try to

first_img November 2, 2017 Next Article Elon Musk Has Resorted to Sleeping at Tesla’s Factory to Try to Get it Back on Track Register Now » Free Webinar | July 31: Secrets to Running a Successful Family Business 178shares Image credit: Hector Guerrero | Getty Images Nina Zipkin Elon Muskcenter_img Staff Writer. Covers leadership, media, technology and culture. Entrepreneur Staff Learn how to successfully navigate family business dynamics and build businesses that excel. The electric car company is way behind on its production goals. Earlier this month, it was reported that Tesla had fallen behind on the company’s production goals for the $35,000 Model 3. Though CEO Elon Musk had anticipated the company would manufacture more than 1,500 of the cars by the end of September, that wasn’t the case, with only 260 of them made in the third quarter.Musk is known for having a dogged approach to solving problems, and it seems that has translated to how he has dealt with this most recent wrinkle.In the company’s quarterly earnings call (the company brought in a revenue of nearly $3 million for Q3) this week, Musk shared that he had come down with a cold, but that it hasn’t deterred him from spending all of his time at the Gigafactory in Nevada, taking the call at the factory and even sleeping there if the need arises.Related: The Future According to Elon Musk (Infographic)It would also appear that Musk’s leadership style can best be described as on-the-go. “I always move my desk to wherever — I don’t really have a desk actually — I move myself to wherever the biggest problem is in Tesla. I really believe that one should lead from the front lines, and that’s why I’m here,” Musk noted during the earnings call.He also shared details that in the past four weeks, he has overseen the rewriting of software and spent late night and early mornings on the floor of the factory repairing the processes for battery production. Musk is now anticipating that his goal of producing 5,000 Model 3s every week will likely occur in March.Related: A Humanoid Robot Called Sophia Mocked Elon Musk After Being Asked About the Dangers of AIMusk also acknowledged that his mood had also been affected by the setbacks. “I feel really pretty optimistic right now,” he said. “But if you’d talked to me three weeks ago, I would have been quite pessimistic, and I was sort of quite down in the dumps.”He also took a moment to call out reporting about the company’s recent round of layoffs. After performance reviews, 700 people were fired. Musk believed that the coverage lacked nuance and integrity, saying that those journalists should be “ashamed of themselves.”If you had to deal with a problem, would you take the late nights, sleep-at-the-factory tack that Musk has taken? Let us know in the comments.Related video: How Throwing Rocks Can Help When You Feel Stuck 3 min read Add to Queuelast_img read more

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Researchers examine potential effects of Brexit on Sugar Tax and CHD

first_imgReviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)Oct 11 2018A new study published in Public Health Nutrition examines the potential effects of Brexit on the ‘Sugar Tax’ and coronary heart disease (CHD) in England.The ‘Sugar Tax’, an industry levy on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), was implemented in the UK in April 2018 as part of the UK Government’s Childhood Obesity Plan. However, the effect of the SSB levy might be affected by the impending exit of the UK from the European Union (EU) in March 2019, known as Brexit.Brexit is likely to result in a new trade regime, which could range from a free trade regime that eliminates all trade barriers to a default World Trade Organisation (WTO) membership that enforces tariffs to all trade relationships.The trade arrangements that the UK will adopt after Brexit are likely to influence the price of food and food ingredients including sugar, which currently follows European regulations under the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). This could potentially interfere with the effectiveness of the SSB levy in the UK.ImplicationsPublic Health researchers from the University of Liverpool and Imperial College London conducted a study to estimate the implications of Brexit on the price of sugar and the impact of the implemented SSB levy on coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality and inequalities in England.The researchers modeled the potential effects of the SSB industry levy on SSB price and consumption and compared it with its effect under a “soft” and a “hard” Brexit scenario in which World Trade Organization tariffs are applied.They then estimated the effect of each scenario on CHD deaths prevented or postponed and life-years gained, stratified by age, sex, and socioeconomic circumstance in 2021.Related StoriesHeart disease is still the number 1 killer in Australia, according to latest figuresImplanted device uses microcurrent to exercise heart muscle in cardiomyopathy patientsStroke should be treated 15 minutes earlier to save lives, study suggestsResultsThis study suggested that the SSB levy could increase SSB prices by approximately 38% leading to an estimated 26% decrease in SSB intake in England. This would prevent approximately 370 CHD deaths and generate approximately 4,490 life years in 2021. The SSB levy was also estimated to improve health inequalities, with 100 CHD deaths averted in the most deprived quintile compared to 50 in the most affluent.The results suggested that the SSB levy would be resilient to both “soft” and “hard” Brexit scenarios, finding that reductions in CHD mortality were 4% and 8% greater under “soft” and “hard” Brexit scenarios respectively. Even under both modeled Brexit scenarios, this study suggested that the SSB levy would still benefit people of higher deprivation the most.Crucial opportunitySeferidi Paraskevi, said: “This is the first study to quantify the potential impacts of Brexit on the SSB levy effectiveness through changes in the UK trade policy.”Our study suggests that the UK SSB industry levy is likely to be resilient to potential Brexit effects on sugar price due to changes in the UK trade regime, even if trade occurs under WTO regulations. It also suggests that even under alternate Brexit scenarios the SSB levy is likely to remain progressive in terms of CHD inequalities.Prof Martin O’Flaherty, said: “Brexit presents a crucial opportunity to achieve a healthier food system in the UK if negotiations deliver a fiscal and regulatory environment which promotes population health.” Source:https://news.liverpool.ac.uk/2018/10/11/new-study-examines-brexits-effect-on-sugar-tax-and-coronary-heart-disease/last_img read more

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New class of cancerkilling agents shows promise in destroying cancer stem cells

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jul 9 2019Scientists at The University of Toledo investigating improvements to a commonly used chemotherapy drug have discovered an entirely new class of cancer-killing agents that show promise in eradicating cancer stem cells.Their findings could prove to be a breakthrough in not only treating tumors, but ensuring cancer doesn’t return years later — giving peace of mind to patients that their illness is truly gone. Taylor and Dr. L.M. Viranga Tillekeratne, a professor in the Department of Medicinal and Biological Chemistry in the UToledo College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, reported their findings in a paper recently published in the journal Scientific Reports.Cancer stem cells are an intriguing target for researchers because of their potential to re-seed tumors.When doctors remove a tumor surgically or target it with chemotherapy drugs or radiation therapy, the cancer may appear to be gone. However, evidence suggests that a tiny subpopulation of adaptable cancer cells can remain and circulate through the body to seed new metastasis in far-off locations.Those cancer stem cells, Taylor said, are similar to dandelions in a well-manicured lawn.”You could chop the plant off, but it will drop a seed. You know the seeds are there, but they’re hiding,” he said. “You pull one weed out and another comes up right after it. Cancers can be like this as well.”Related StoriesLiving with advanced breast cancerCancer killing capability of lesser-known immune cells identifiedSugary drinks linked to cancer finds studyThe small molecule they have isolated appears to lock on to those stem cells and kill them by blocking their absorption of an amino acid called cystine.UToledo was awarded a patent for the discovery late last year.For Tillekeratne and Taylor, uncovering a new class of therapeutic molecules could prove to be an even larger contribution to cancer research than the project they initially envisioned.”At present, there are no drugs that can kill cancer stem cells, but people are looking for them,” Tillekeratne said. “A lot of drugs are discovered by serendipity. Sometimes in research if you get unexpected results, you welcome that because it opens up a new line of research. This also shows the beauty of collaboration. I wouldn’t have been able to do this on my own, and [Taylor] wouldn’t have been able to do it on his own.”Tillekeratne has received a three-year, $449,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health National Cancer Institute to continue testing the effectiveness of the newly identified therapy.Because the molecules so selectively target cancer stem cells, it’s possible they could ultimately be paired with other chemotherapy drugs to deliver a more comprehensive treatment.However, the researchers have found their agents show stand-alone promise in treating sarcomas and a subtype of breast cancer known as claudin-low breast cancer, which represents up to 14 percent of all breast cancers and can be particularly difficult to treat. Source:University of ToledoJournal reference:Taylor, W.R. et al. (2019) Small-Molecule Ferroptotic Agents with Potential to Selectively Target Cancer Stem Cells. Scientific Reports. doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42251-5. Not all cancer cells are the same, even in the same tumor. There is a lot of variability and some of the cells, like cancer stem cells, are much nastier. Everyone is trying to figure out how to kill them, and this may be one way to do it.”Dr. William Taylor, professor in the Department of Biological Sciences, UToledo College of Natural Sciences and Mathematicslast_img read more

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Amazon raises monthly Prime membership fees by 20 percent

The online retailer had added the monthly payment option about two years ago as a way to hook shoppers—especially during the holiday season—who wanted faster free shipping, but didn’t want to commit to an annual fee. The Seattle-based company does not disclose how many Prime members it has.Besides free two-day shipping, Prime members get other perks, such as access to Amazon’s video and music streaming services.Starting Friday, new monthly members will pay $12.99 a month, up from $10.99. Qualifying college students will pay $6.49 a month, up from $5.49. Amazon.com Inc. said existing monthly members will start paying the higher fees next month.Amazon said its $5.99-a-month Prime membership for low-income people who receive government assistance is not affected by the price increase. Amazon launched the discounted Prime membership last year for people who have a valid Electronic Benefits Transfer card. Amazon is raising the price of its Prime membership monthly plan by nearly 20 percent. The fee of $99 for an annual membership will not change, the company said Friday. Citation: Amazon raises monthly Prime membership fees by 20 percent (2018, January 19) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-01-amazon-monthly-prime-membership-fees.html Amazon boosts price of ‘Prime’ membership to $99 in US © 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. In this Dec. 20, 2017, file photo, a clerk reaches to a shelf to pick an item for a customer order at the Amazon Prime warehouse, in New York. Amazon says it is boosting the price of its monthly Prime membership fees for new and existing members by nearly 20 percent. The online retailer says its annual membership fee of $99 will not change. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan, File) This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further read more

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Football through the eyes of a computer

first_img Provided by University of Konstanz This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Behind the scenes, however, all of this amounts to a lot of work. The television crew must generate these graphics live and under enormous pressure as the match unfolds. Once they are ready, the match has long since moved on so that the graphics are typically shown during action replays. How wonderful would it be if all of this just happened by itself, i.e. if the TV set was able to display these graphics in real time and without intervention from the television team? Computer scientists from the University of Konstanz have found a way to make this possible: They are developing software that automatises all steps involved in the process. It analyses the match up to 30 times per second and is able to display decisive diagrams live and without the customary delay. Among other things, this software can highlight areas of team dominance on the pitch as well as passing options in real time. It is further able to indicate the level of pressure experienced by individual players and can even run what-if scenarios of alternative match play variations.Manuel Stein, a computer scientist and doctoral researcher working in the University of Konstanz’s research area “Collective Behaviour,” is the man behind this software. He not only designed this software to make the football analysts’ job easier, but he also intends to make it easier for viewers to see the patterns of the game—the interactions between players and entire teams as well as the influence they exert on one another. “Everyone in football tries to collect data, but few know what to do with it. We are trying to generate knowledge from this data,” explains Manuel Stein.Teaching computers footballTo turn a computer into a match-play analyst, Manuel Stein must first teach it some basic facts about football. Not necessarily the rules, the names of the teams or where they rank in the league or rankings table, but something much more important: What is the player on the screen, and where is the ball? In which direction are individual players looking, how fast are they moving, how quickly are they likely to reach the ball? The computer is able to determine the position, speed and movement direction of every individual player and of the ball up to 30 times per second. Based on these measurements, it then calculates which player can reach any square metre of the pitch first and how many players from each team pose a threat to that part of the field. It doesn’t take more than a fraction of a second to superimpose the results of this calculation on the TV screen: a dynamic, constantly changing map of each team’s zones of influence. Using simple colour cues, Manuel Stein’s software is able to show TV viewers such match-play influencing factors such as the level of pressure opposing teams place on individual players, the free spaces and safe passing lanes. For all of this, the software neither requires GPS trackers attached to the players’ shirts nor complicated camera tracking technology. The only thing that Manuel Stein needs is the TV image. Study shows football teams who sing their national anthem with passion are more likely to win Citation: Football through the eyes of a computer (2018, June 15) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-06-football-eyes.html All of these hues on the TV screen can make for a very colourful football pitch. To prevent confusion, the software’s various analysis features can be switched on and off as needed and stacked as filters. Furthermore, the software makes suggestions as to which filters to use in any given situation and can switch them on or off as desired to reduce unnecessary visual clutter.However, it is not primarily the viewers at home that the software has been developed for. Its real target group are football analysts and sport reporters. The software allows them to create diagrams of match-play situations within a fraction of a second and to broadcast them in real time. PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen Screen shot of an automated game analysis. The colored areas indicate open spaces that are relevant to the goal situation. The software reacts to the events in real time and updates the superimposed information up to 30 times per second. Additional graphics can be shown as needed, for instance to highlight areas of team dominance and passing options. Credit: Dietmar Wallner Explore further Football on TV: A pass to the left, a gap in the defence, an open striker at the edge of the penalty area. Suddenly, the picture freezes. Lines and diagrams appear between the players. An arrow indicates the trajectory of a safe pass to the open striker, others highlight possible goal-scoring trajectories. Such graphic analyses have become indispensable for professional football broadcasters. They help viewers understand the dynamics and tactics of the match as well as the decisions made by the players. Play This is how a computer perceives a football match: Tracking the players and the ball provides the basis for the automated analysis graphics that are then superimposed onto the actual TV image. Credit: University of Konstanz Manuel Stein is currently developing a “what-if” analysis—a forecast of how the match play would have evolved under different circumstances—that is based on his software. Here, key match-play situations can be accessed and replayed using alternative scenarios. Based on the individual players’ location data and influence factors, the computer calculates a coherent, realistic course of events. What would have happened if the player had passed the ball to the right rather than the left? How would the dynamics of the game have changed if a defender had stood five more metres to the right? How should the team have positioned itself to prevent the opposing team from gaining ground? These analysis tools are also valuable to football coaches, for instance during post-match debriefing.The more data Manuel Stein’s software has access to, the more precise it can evaluate the situation on the pitch. However, currently the information it can use is limited to that on the TV screen. The computer does not know what happens outside the camera’s field of vision and can only make vague predictions. The University of Konstanz’s computer scientists are therefore extremely eager to work with teams and broadcasters who record images and player location data during football games. If they provide the researchers with access to this information, they can in turn deliver more precise analyses. But football is not the only sport this software is relevant to. It can be used to analyse all team sports.Collective BehaviourManuel Stein’s is carrying out his research as a member of the University of Konstanz’s research initiative “Collective Behaviour.” This relatively young discipline explores the mutual influences and interactions between members of a collective. The researchers are particularly interested in the decision-making processes within groups and the question as to how individual members of a collective coordinate their movements, decisions, etc. with one another. Examples include the behaviour of animal swarms and swarm intelligence, the coordination of self-driving cars, but also economic networks or the behaviour of human collectives. In sport, these scientific methods are used especially in the analysis of team dynamics: What types of patterns do a team’s tactics reflect? How do two teams react to each other and how do the players influence each other with their decisions?last_img read more

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